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The government has implemented this scheme keeping in view the cleanliness of the river Ganga, here we will tell you what the Flagship Namami Gange scheme of the Ministry of Environment is, Government of India, which states benefit from Namami Gange, Highlights of the scheme, Namami Gange Project Complete information about the purpose and benefits of the scheme, implementation and success, etc.
The Ganges River is the national river of India. Indians consider this river to be the most sacred. The Ganges River is the longest of all the rivers of India, its length is 2,525 km. The Ganges originates from the Gangotri Glacier in the Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand. But many tributaries of the Ganges river have become extinct or have dried up.
The Ganga river has been declared the most polluted and endangered by the Environment Ministry. To keep Ganga clean and pollution-free, an important scheme under the leadership of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi was made by Namami Gange.
Namami Gange Programme 2022
The Namami program is the flagship program of the National Mission for Clean Ganga (MCG) of the Ministry of Environment and Forests. Water Resources and River Development Offices are also involved in the implementation of this scheme.
This Integrated Conservation Mission was announced in June 2014. The Union Cabinet has approved four times the budget to Rs 20,000 crore for the conservation of river Ganga and its tributaries. And the Namami Gange scheme was given the form of a central scheme with 100% central share.
The two main objectives of this plan were to reduce the pollution of river Ganga and to revive the river Ganga.
Key Highlights of Namami Gange Scheme
|Scheme||Namami Gange Yojana|
|Launch By||Ministry of Environment and Forests, Union Ministry of Water Resources, Department of River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation|
|Project duration||18 years|
Purpose of Namami Gange Yojana
Eliminating pollution of river Ganga, reviving tributaries, and spreading the benefits of clean water to the countrymen.
The river Ganga is not only of cultural and spiritual importance but 40% of the population of the country is dependent on the river Ganges. Addressing the Indian community at New York’s Madison Square Garden in 2014, the Prime Minister said: “If we can clean it up, it will be a great help to 40 percent of the country’s population. So cleaning the Ganga is also an economic agenda.”
To implement this vision, the government launched an integrated Ganga Rejuvenation Mission named ‘Namami Gange’ to end the pollution of the river Ganga and revive it. The Union Cabinet has implemented this scheme with an aim to make river Ganga pollution free by quadrupling the budget for cleaning the river and making it pollution free with 100% central participation.
Namami Gange Project was divided into three parts:
- Entry-level activities that are immediately visible such as river surface cleaning, rural sanitation, toilet cleaning, repair of ghats, etc.
- Medium-term activities that will be implemented within 5 years of the time frame like pollution and waste redressal of technical institutions, increasing municipal sewerage capacity, afforestation, etc.
- Long-term activities that will be implemented within 10 years of the time frame. These are better water use efficiency, increasing the irrigation potential, and ensuring adequate flow of the river.
Coverage Area of Namami Gange Yojana
- Uttar Pradesh
- A state in Eastern India
- West Bengal
Namami Gange Project Cities List
Projects of Namami Gange Yojana were started in these cities:
- Haridwar, Rishikesh, Joshimath, Badrinath, Gopeshwar, Nandprayag, Gochar, Kirtinagar, Muni ki Reti, Tehri, Devprayag, Rudraprayag, Uttarkashi, Srinagar, etc.
Implementation and success of Namami Gange Scheme:
1. Creating Sewage Treatment Capacity:
A number of Sewage Management Schemes- 64 are being implemented.
States – 81 schemes have been completed in the states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, and Rajasthan.
2. Creating River Front Development :
64 projects have been taken up for the construction, modernization and renovation of 263 Ghats, Crematoriums, Kudos, and Ponds.
3. River Surface Cleaning River Surface Cleaning:
Under this scheme, cleaning work of solid waste floating on the ghats and river surface has been started at 11 places.
4. Biodiversity Collection Bio-Diversity Conservation :
The long-term vision of NMCG under Ganga Rejuvenation is to restore the population of all endemic and endangered fauna of the river Ganga. For this, areas with high biodiversity have been identified.
And to get success in this, volunteers are being prepared under Ganga Prahari.
Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute is involved in this work.
5. Forest Afforestation:
Forestry Interventions are an essential component of the Namami Gange Yojana. Its aim is to increase the productivity and diversity of forests in the top water areas of rivers.
The Forest Research Institute has planned to work in an area of 1,34,106 hectares in the Ganga riverine states of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal under four major themes – Natural Landscapes, Agricultural Landscapes, Urban Landscapes and Conservation Interventions.
6. Public Awareness Public Awareness :
The success of the Namami Gange Yojana also depends on community participation. Therefore, activities like workshops, seminars, and conferences have been organized under the scheme. Organized awareness activities through rallies, campaigns, exhibitions, shramdaan, cleanliness campaigns, tree plantation, campaigns etc. Television, radio, print media advertisements, and displayed articles are used. Promotion is also being done through social media platforms.
7. Industrial Effluent Monitoring Industrial Effluent Monitoring :
The number of Grossly Polluting Industries (GPIz) stood at 1072 in April 2019. Regular checks and inspections of these polluting industries have compelled them to comply with the prescribed environmental parameters.
215 technical institutes have been closed for non-compliance. Action is being taken against 110 GPI.
8. Ganga Gram Ganga Gram:
The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has 1674 Gram Panchayats located on the banks of river Ganga in 5 states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has made a structure to construct 15,27,105 toilets in these panchayats at a cost of Rs 578 crore. More than half of the toilets have been built.
The challenge of Ganga conservation is multi-sectoral and multi-dimensional. Many stakeholders also have a role to play in this. It is very important to have coordination between various ministries and between the Centre-State. Therefore, many measures and efforts have been made to improve the monitoring mechanism at the Central and State level.
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